In the summer of 2010, many provinces in Pakistan were affected by enormous flooding conditions. The floods caused the death of 1,600 people and some 20 million citizens were displaced by this natural disaster. These devastating floods have had a serious impact on an already vulnerable population. It is estimated that, at one point, one fifth of the country's total land area was underwater. Much of the farming land, housing and infrastructures were completely destroyed, leaving millions of people living in precarious, sub-standard conditions. The population has since struggled with severe food shortages, lack of sanitation and access to clean, drinking water, and lack of housing.
The Pakistan 2010 Flood Rebuilding Program helped three communities in the Sindh province of Pakistan address these acute issues through the provision of design services and construction grants. Specifically the program addressed the need to reconstruction housing, access to water, sanitation, and civic infrastructure.
Grants were given to two groups, the Architecture for Humanity-Karachi Chapter and Heritage Foundation. Both are based in Pakistan. In addition, Arup provided engineering support.
Location: Sindh Province
Duration: January 2010 - July 2011
Villages Nodo Baran, Goth Angario, Khaipur
Housing Units: 70 units
Additional Infrastructure: Women's Center (Khaipur); Common court, livestock leveling floor, village periphery wall, elevated water tank, septic tanks, seepage pits, surface tanks, sanitation and water supplies, planting of indigenous trees (Nodo Baran, Goth Angario)
Total Number of Beneficiaries: 600
Program Partners: Architecture for Humanity- Karachi>, Karachi Relief Trust , Heritage Foundation
Design Firms: Architecture for Humanity - Karachi with Karachi Relief Trust, Arup, Heritage Foundation
Total Program Cost: $110,000 USD
Sustainability Statement: Both design teams (led by Architecture for Humanity-Karachi and Heritage Foundation) used local labor and natural building materials such as bamboo and earth block to build low-carbon footprint, sustainable, flood-resistant housing and infrastructure.
In order to address reconstruction efforts funds for the building have come from a coalition of partners including Architecture for Humanity, Google and the Live4Pakistan concert, an online fund raiser developed by Bubbletank, Virgin Unite .. and the support of hundreds of individual donors.
For more information:
Pakistan Flood Reconstruction - Sindh Province Village Housing and Infrastructure
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Pakistan Flood Reconstruction - Heritage Foundation Bamboo Housing Program
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This program is completed as of September 2011. A post-occupancy evaluation was scheduled for March 2012.